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Holidays of Russia

Holidays of Russia

>Russianholidays itis theholidays ofRussianpeopleconnectedwithwidespreadnationaltraditions oftheircarrying out.For alongtimealready in Russiatherewas aset ofremarkableholidays. Peopledroverounddances,sangsongs, andlivednotboringly.Everyday,what that - aholiday.Butgraduallytraditions andholidaysvaried.In Russiatherearealso stateholidays.As stateeightnationalholidays,first of all,arecalled,arerecognizednon-working,holidays,namely: NewYear of thefirst and on second ofJanuary and aChristmas onseventh ofJanuary. Theinternationalwomen'sday oneighth ofMarch, the Holiday of Spring andwork of thefirst and on second ofMay, aVictoryDay onninth ofMay,IndependenceDay of Russia ontwelfth ofJune, theDay ofaccord andreconciliation onseventh ofNovember, theConstitutionday of theRussianFederation ontwelfth ofDecember.For the stateholidays, in Russianow, thecombination ofwhatremainedfrom theprevioushistoricalperiods, and new,come to a lifefindingby thecountry of thesovereignty and change of a politicalsystemischaracteristic.

NewYear

>In Russia agreatnumber ofRussians,withhuntingcelebratingChristmas,prefer NewYear.Winterholidaysaretightenedforsomeweeks:atfirstwemark thewesternChristmas,then NewYear,thenorthodoxChristmas, andthenold NewYear.Butnevertheless afavoriteholiday inthislongtrain ofcelebrations - NewYear,mark in thenightfromDecember,31stforJanuary,1st.Itis theholidaymostancient andmostfavoriteamongRussians.

Themainattributes ofcelebrating of NewYear it: alivefur-tree (thetruth, inmodern Russia theartificialfur-tree -because ofavailability andpossibility ofreusableuseispreferred),variousChristmas-treedecorations, andalsoobligatorygiftsforfavorite andclosepeople. Themaincharacters, itispossible totell,heroes of aholidayareFatherFrost and theSnowMaiden -withoutthemcannot managenotonly masscelebrating,butalso a privatecongratulation thatmadlypleaseschildren.

Thebasicdishes on acelebratorytablemakesalads,hot,fruit (>tangerines) and aconsiderablequantity ofspirits (inparticularchampagne).Any NewYeardoesnotdowithoutfireworks,Bengalfires,crackers andsalutes.

>Incomparisonwithother world, Russiaactivelycelebrates two NewYear'sholidays.One in thenightfromDecember,thirtyfirstforJanuary,first, and the second, ">Old Newyear" onthirteenth ofJanuary thatsurprisesforeignersgot on NewYear'sholidays to Russiaasat themajority of thecountriesarrival of Newyearmeansmuch,only change of acalendarcycle andwidely itisnotmarked (>celebrated),attachingspecialsignificance toChristmas.Now itseems tous thatsowasalways.But thetradition of ameeting of NewYearismuchyounger,than in thecountries of Europe. NewYear inAncient Russia,aswellasatmanyotherpeople,began inMarch andmergedwith thepaganholiday of apancakeweekmarking aseeing-off ofwinter and ameeting ofspring.In thetenthcenturywithChristianityacceptance to Russiahascome acalendar onwhichyearbegan onfirst ofSeptember.Butonly in the end of thefifteenthcenturythisdatebegan tobemarked (>celebrated)officiallyas thebeginning ofchurch andcivil NewYear.AndonlyPeter I,carrying outcalendarreform, in 1700hasestablished (>installed) thebeginning of NewYearsinceJanuary,1st. ThespecialdecreePeter Idemandedsolemn andcheerfulcelebrating ofthisevent. Moscow,therefore allcelebratingwascapitalthenpassed (>tookplace) onRedSquare.Howeversince 1704 of a celebrationhavebeentransferred (>carried) tonortherncapital.However, inthosedaysnotfeast andnational was themainthing.ByJanuary,1st of the house ofgrandees andcommonersweredecoratedbyfur-tree orpinebrancheswhichneeded tobedressed upnottoys,asnow, andfruit,vegetables,nuts andeveneggs.And allproductswerenotonlyanornament,butalsosymbols:appleswere asymbol offertility,egg asymbol ofharmony andfullwell-being.Sincethen themeeting of NewYearwith a greenfur-tree,needles, andthenwithFatherFrost and theSnowMaidenbecame onfirst ofJanuarytraditional inourcountry.Old NewYearis theholidaymarked (>celebrated)according to NewYear on to acalendar (>now in thenightfrom 13forJanuary,14th) andbeing,as amatter offact, ahistoricalecho of change ofchronology.It (He)isknown andpopular in Russiathough itismarked (>celebrated)also inSerbia,Switzerland andsomeothercountries.It (He)ismarked (>celebrated) in agreaterdegreebythose whocouldnotmeet NewYear onthirtyfirst ofDecember.Andalso theRussianorthodoxChristians whoobservefromNovember,twentytillJanuary,sixth theChristmas post andwhich tomeet Newyear onJulianskystylemoreconvenientlynot tobreakinstructions of theChristmas post.

>Christmas

>Since 1991as the stateholiday theChristmasmarked in Russia onseventh ofJanuaryhasbeenrestored. Theannouncement ofanorthodoxreligiousholiday aday off insuchmultinationalcountryas Russiahasdemanded theflexiblemechanism of theaccount ofnational andreligioustraditions of allpeople.Everytimewhenwestepover athreshold of NewYear, on ashower itbecomesespeciallywarm,because insomedaystherewillcome theChristmas Holiday! AChristmas -surprisingtimewhenheartisfilledwithmiracleexpectation...Andthismiracleoccurs! TheChristisborn,glorify! -Rushesover theUniverse, - theChristfromheavens,meet! -All worldsings ofglory of theCreator.Angelicforces andmankind -togetherglorifywhat lovehasnoborders.And,probably,therefore aChristmasname >WinterEaster.Each ofustries tospendthisdaynot howanyanother: topresentgood and love to thelovedone, tobecomebetter, and themostimportantthing -iscloser toGod.OnJanuary,6that 12o'clock in themorningsolemndivine service inorthodoxtemplesbegins.And onJanuary,7th itisaccepted tocongratulatefriends andnative onthis lightholiday.UnlikeEuropeans whoaspire tonoteChristmas in thebosom of the family, andevendoorsclose, in Russia itisaccepted to holddoorsopened that all whowishes tocelebrateChristmascame, tosharecelebratorypleasure.Christmasevehasreceived thename ">ChristmasEve", and aword itoccursfrom theritual foodtastedthisday ,porridgesfromredwheat orbarley, arye, ,mixedwithhoney andwithalmond and juice.

The food inChristmasEvecouldnotbeaccepted to thefirststar, inmemory of theBethlehemstar,announced tomagiciansaboutChristmas of theSavior.Andwithapproach oftwilightwhen thefirststarlighted up, satdown atable andshared ,wishingeachother allkind and light.

>Christmas - aholidaywhen all familytogethergathersbehind thebigtable. Thetableprepared theplentiful.Pancakes,fishdishes,aspic, frompork andbeeflegs. Afragrantdairypigwith astuffingfromporridge, aporkheadwith ahorse-radish,porksausage house,roast,honeyspice-cakes, and, ofcourse, afriedgoose.

>Christmas-tidebeginswithChristmas continuousholidayswhich lastbeforeKreshchenskyChristmasEve andareaccompaniedbywalks,visitingnative andfriends,masquerades.Inoldentime itwasaccepted .

Thesparrowflies,by atailtwirls.Andyou,people, knowtablesdim.

>Visitorsaccept,

>Christmasmeet!

>On theChristmas-tide in Russia itwasfromtimeimmemorialaccepted , toarrangecheerfulgames, togo onhouses, toawakesleeping, tocongratulate allpassers onsunturnfor thesummer, andlater,afterChristianityacceptance,withChristmas, tojoke,singsongs.Came toan end with ageneralfun,drivingfromhills, thegeneralfeast.

>Svjatochnyeguessingisvarious andnumerous.Girls,sometimesunder thedirection of theseniorwomenwereengaged inthem.Whether andinterestedthemthey,first of all,willmarry nextyear orremain in girlswillberich orpoor, ingeneral,willbelive orwilldie.Thereforeverymanyguessing 'withsearches of thepromised.

>AfterCelebrating of Newyear, theChristmaswillcome to Russia.Remains toveryfewtimes tomeet aholidayaccording toRussiantraditions,cheerfully andhospitably.

>Christening ofGospodne (>SacredEpiphany)

>OnJanuary,19thRussianscelebrateKreshchenieGospodne.Inmemory thatthisday JesusChristhasaccepted achristening in theriverJordan, inorthodoxtempleswaterwhichparishionersstorethen thewholeyearisconsecrated.Fromtemples tocross-shapedice-holespassreligiousprocessions.Believersplungeintoice-holes,symbolizing it achristeningceremony.Besides, itisconsidered thatbathingfor theChristeninghelps torecoverfromvariousillnesses.AnEpiphany -one oftwelvebasic (>great)orthodoxholidays.

>Day ofstudents (>Tatjaninday)

>Ontwentyfifth ofJanuaryRussianscelebrateDay of thestudent orTatianaday. ThedecreeempressElizabethPetrovnojJanuary,twelfth, 1755 onTatianadayhassigned thedecree >Aboutestablishment of the Moscowuniversity.Sincethen ontwelfth ofJanuarystudentscelebrate theholiday Day ofstudents andsacredTatyanabecame thepatroness of allstudents.In thenineteenthcenturysinceJanuary,twelfth astudent'svacationbegan.Thisday itwasaccepted toarrangecelebrations onwhichawardsundersolemnspeechesweredistributed.Then itisdaynamednotTatianaday, and >Day of thebasis of the Moscow University.CelebratedDay of thestudent in thebeginningonly in Moscow.passedverymagnificently andconsisted of twoparts.Atfirsttherewasanofficialpart, andthen theholidaypassed tostreets inwhich allinhabitants ofcapitaltookparticipation.Nicolaysdecree of thefirsthadbeensigned thecertificateaboutuniversityestablishment,instead ofits opening.Thanks toitsstudentshad aholiday Day of thestudent.Day of thestudent celebrate andnow.Itputmodernyouthcelebratesalso itisnoisy and itischeerful,ashundredyearsago. Thepoorstudentneverwillmiss thechance toshirkstudy,butaccording topopularwisdom,fromitsinfinite celebrationdistractsonlytime.

 

>DaysacredValentine (>Valentineday)

Love!Whenbothsad andfunny.

Love!Whendonotlike,anyway.

Love!Althoughnot thefavoritename.

Love! Lovethywillunderstand.

Love!Hisheartcommand.

Love!His love ofexpensive.

Love!When theterms ofgood andevil.

Love!Andshouldnot itbeotherwise!

>Onfourteenth ofFebruary -anespecialholiday.ItisknownasValentinesDay - aholiday of allenamored.Itisone offewforeignholidayswhom itissuccessfulatushasgotaccustomed andeveryyearbecomesmore andmore mass.Itispossible toconsider itjoint -bothmen, andfemale.Itcancelebrateatanyage,after all the lovedoesnothaveborders.Lovingcouplesmarkthisromanticholiday allover the world.As itisknown, thename tothisholidaywasgivenbysimpleChristianpriestValentine whosecretlycrownedenamoredlegionaries,forwhathasbeenexecuted.

>As theChristianmartyrpriestValentinefor thebeliefhasbeencanonizedbychurch.In 496year onfourteenth ofFebruaryby thePopehasbeendeclared in theAfternoon ofsacredValentine.In Russia and the CIScountriesDay ofsacredValentineismarkedfrom thebeginning of theninetiethyears of thetwentiethcentury.


>OnFebruary,23rdDay of thedefender offatherland

>Ontwentythird ofFebruary in Russia itisaccepted tocongratulatemen onDay of thedefender ofFatherland (theholidaywasmarkedfor thefirsttimeat thetime ofSoviet Union and itismarkednow in Russia, in Ukraine, inBelarus andDnestrregion).Thisdaywepay atribute ofrespect andthanks tothose whocourageouslyprotected thenative earthfromaggressors, andalso that who in apeacetimedrawshard andresponsibleduty.Informally theholidayisconsideredday ofmenwhichacceptcongratulationssinceFebruary,twentythirdnotonlyfromanoppositesex,butalsofromfriends andcolleagues.For thefirsttime theholidaywasmarked in 1922 and >Day ofRedarmywascalled.With 1946 on 1993 itwascalled >Day of theSovietArmy andNavyfleet.For today ontwentythird ofFebruaryaccording to theFederallaw of theRussianFederation >Aboutdays ofmilitaryglory (>victoriousdays) Russia (1995)iscalledasDay of thedefender ofFatherland.In 2002 the StateDuma of theRussianFederationhasmadedecision tomake ontwentythird ofFebruary theday off.

>Pancakeweek

>Pancakeweek -one of themostjoyful and lightholidays. Thewholeweek thepeoplesee off thebotheredwinter,bakepancakes andvisit. Apancakeweekforus,as acarnivalforItalians.As in atranslationfromItalian ">carnival"ismeant >bybeef,farewell! .And thepancakeweekprevious theLent,longsincewascalledas ">Mjasopustom"asthisweek itwasforbidden toeatmeat.Somehistoriansconsider that in theancienttime thePancakeweekwaswithday of aspringsolstice,butwithacceptance ofChristianity itbegan toanticipate theLent and todepend onitsterms.Oneverydaybutteredweektherewerecertainceremonies.OnMonday thePancakeweekmeeting, onTuesday -folk tunes.On thegourmand thatis onWednesday ofbutteredweek themother-in-lawinvited topancakes ofsons-in-lawwithwives.Especiallythiscustomwasobservedconcerningyoung,recentlygotmarried.Forcertainfromhereexpression to themother-in-law onpancakesalsohasgone.OnwideThursdaytherewere themostcrowded driving.OnFriday -mother-in-law's -sons-in-lawcalled themother-in-law onan entertainment.Saturdaywas takenaway to asit-roundgathering. Sundaywascalled > in theafternoon.Thisday allvisitedrelatives,friends andacquaintances,exchangedkisses,bows andweresorryeachotherifhaveoffendedwords oracts.

>Women'sday 8Marh

>Oneighth ofMarch - "the Internationalwomen'sday", aholiday ofspring andattention to thewoman.Thisdaywedonotwork, andours ">finehalves"waitfromusforsigns onattention,colors andgifts.Werejoice to aholiday.Passestime, thesense of aholidayvaries, andwesometimeswonder:what,actually, andwhatforwecelebrate? Thebeginning to the Internationalwomen'sdaywhich todaymarkdonation ofgifts,colors andpoetic towomen,wasputnotlessby thecelebratedpersonality -ClaraTsetkin. Thebeginning ofcelebrating of the Internationalwomen'sday inday onMarch,8thhasbegunsince 1911.For thefirsttime theholiday towomen,hasbeencelebrated inGermany, Austria,Denmark, andSweden. Russiahasjoinedthis listsince 1913.As aresult ofactivity of the Internationalfemaleorganisationforprotection of therights ofwomen, in 1985 in 88countries of the worldrecognised theright ofwomen andhavestoppedfairsexdiscrimination in thedecision of political andotherquestions. Theinternationalwomen'sdayhasbeencelebratedfor thefirsttime in Russia inPetersburg in 1913InMay, 1965 onMarch,8thhasbeendeclaredby aday off.In the USSR and new Russia theholiday 8Marthawas andremains toone of themostfavourite.


>Day oflaughter

>Custom tohavefun anddeceiveeachother onfirst ofAprilexists inmanycountries. ">Day oflaughter" -socallthisholiday andmark it inspite of thefact that itisnotbrought inoneofficialcalendar ofsignificantevents.In Russia,according tohistorians andethnographers,celebrating onfirst ofApril -anecho ofpaganrite inhonour ofarrival ofspring.Beingafraid of ">oldwoman-winter",wishing it tobanishmorelikely,ourancestorschangedclothes inskins ofanimals,put onmasks thatshehasnotlearntoffenders,withsongs anddancingsburntitsstuffedanimal andmet thebeauty-spring.Besides, in Russiaconsidered that themaliciousdemon onfirst ofAprilwakes up, andconsequently itisnecessary todeceive ineverypossiblewayeachother toconfusehim.

>Well and thefirstcase of massdrawhas takenplace in Moscowat thetime ofPeter I.In 1700 theholder oftroupe ofGermancomediansdeclared thatduringrepresentationwillgetintoanordinarybottle.To thepeopleattheatrehasgatheredmuch, and on astagehave taken out abottlewithaninscription "on First ofApril".Speak,for themostdullpeople theGermanhassometimesput afinger in abottle toshow that ithasmade afool ofthem:seesupposedlyevenmyfinger in abottledoesnotclimb, and I andwillnotclimbthroughfor alongtime.In Russia themorningAprilFools'alarmsoundingusually incase of afirebecameridiculousdraw andhavingroused allPetersburgers whohavesoonunderstood thatbecamevictims ofdraw.Stillcouple ofyearsbackRussians inlargequantitiestook agreatinterest injokes,like: ">Atyou abackwhite!"Or ">atyoulaceswereuntied!"Somecomeacrosstillnow ontheseoldkinddraws.

>Easter

LightChrist'sRevivalhascome to Russia - themostimportantorthodoxholiday.Thisdayspecial andfamiliar toussince thechildhood.Welearn it onbrightlypaintedchicken, onistasty to thesmellingEastercakescoveredwith amulti-coloredcrumb onwhiteglaze and onspecialjoyfulpersons ofpeople,comingback of atemple.Orthodoxsuchholidayconsideras themostimportantthing andname aholiday ofholidays Easter.OrthodoxEaster in Russiaismarked on thefirst Sundayafter aspringequinox and aMarchfullmoon.Easterstillname a lifeholiday, andeveninveterateatheistsarereservedbyanonionspeelfor apaint ofeggs andwithpleasurekneadcelebratoryEastercakes.Easter aholiday,drawing thebeauty andimprobableatmosphere of all:big andsmall,believing anddoubting. Achurch celebration of themostimportantholiday of theorthodoxpeoplereallygrandiosely.Andpreparationforcelebratingbeginsbeforehand.OnSaturdaybelieversbearEastercakes inchurch,eggs andEasterforconsecrationwithoutwhich theEastercakeremainssimplyrichbread, andegg willlose thesymbolicalvalue.By theway,manypeople onignorancename thebakedEastercakeswhichare onsale on theeve of aholiday inmanyshops Easter.Not toget toawkwardposition itisnecessary to know thatEasteris adishfromcottage cheesewitheverypossibleadditives.ItunlikeEastercakesisnotbaked.

>Divine service in atemplebeginswithcanon andreligiousprocessionreading.Inchurchestimehasbegundivine servicescanbevarious.In themaintemple ofVolgograd theKazancathedralcanonreadingbegins,approximatelyat 23.15 23.30. Thepeoplecoming in thenightfromSaturday to Sunday in atemple onEasterdivine service,becomewitnesses of thesacredactionnotsimilar onanyothers.Beforeitsbeginning intemples allfixturesarelighted,believing standwithcandles, andthereisnomorebrightly andmorejoyfully a service,than innight ofRevival of JesusChrist.

>Indays ofoldsolemnDivine servicewasmade in thepresence of thetsar whoupontermination of aceremonydidnotshunwithboyars andcourt. itisacceptednotonly inday ofEaster,butalso the nextdays.Meetingpeopleshouldkiss andexchangeby allmeansred.Before it itisnecessary tosay: >ChristVoskresi!.Or toanswer: >TrulyVoskresi!.After allEasteris aholiday ofRevival of theChrist.Suchgreetingspeopleannounce avictory of a lifeeternaloverdeath.Under thelegendMariaMagdalinahaspresented thefirstEasteregg to theRomanemperorTiberiju.Ithascome toRomewith agreatjoyful messageaboutRevival of theChrist.Mariawaspoor and,withouthavinganything,except thebelief,joyfullyhavingexclaimed: >ChristVoskresi!,haspresented to theemperor ausualegg.wasscepticalaboutwords of thewoman,havingdoubted thatsomeonecanrevivefrom thedead.Also itisdifficult tobelieve in it,as thatthiseggcanbecomered! - theemperorhastold andhasnotbelieved to theeyes:egg in hishandswonderfullybecamescarlet.SincethentraditionalredEastereggssymboliseblood of theChrist andare theRevivalsymbol.ForchildrenEastereggs awonderful entertainment andanoccasion toplaypranks.Games on eggs andtheirdrivingcarryaway allchildren,looking onwhichadultsrejoice.

ThepleasuredistinguishesEasterfrom allotherholidays.Not thatpleasure that thatpleasureisreceivedfromfairquantity ofstrongdrinks in a NewYear'seve,not thatcomeswithreception ofexpensivelygiftatdate ofenamoured, andpleasure of that a lifeisfine that itdoesnotcome toan end that itproceedseternally.Easter a lifeholiday! Aholidaywhen thesoulRussianasthoughisdissolved andsoftened inwarmbeams ofChrist's love,revivingforgooddeeds and lightthoughts.

Holiday ofspring andwork

>Onfirst ofMay itwascelebrated in theRussianempirefor thefirsttime in 1890 inWarsaw, and in 1891already incapital - inSt.-Petersburg.

>Itsfirstname -Day of theinternationalsolidarity ofworkers.InSoviet Union aholidayoftennamedsimply onnumber onfirst ofMay.

>In theRussianFederation itismarked,as aholiday of Spring andWork.

>Asthough itnamed Day ofsolidarity ofworkers or aholiday ofspring andwork,formany onfirst ofMaytraditionallysymbolizesrevival andarrival ofspring.

Thebigemotionalchargewhich itbears initself (>himself)isconnectednotonlywithsensation ofspringawakening of thenature,butalsowithperception onfirst ofMayas thegeneral celebrationrallying allRussians. "A massholiday" onfirst ofMaybecame in the USSR.And itreallywas theholidayfor theworkers whohavereceived inaddition twodays off.May passed on allcountry.Thisdaypeopleamicablywent ondemonstrationwithheaders andcolours. Thecelebratorytablewasobligatoryattribute of the1st ofMay.

>OnMay,9th - aVictoryDay!

>OnMay,9th, 1945Russianpeoplehavegained agreatvictoryover theaggressor. Thetests,fallen to alot ofourpeoplewereratherfiery.

>Herehalf acentury aVictoryDayalreadythereismoreservesas astrong,indissolublethreadbetweenus,presentgeneration, andgeneration offront-linesoldiers,militaryworkers,winners. TheVictoryDayis aproof of thatRussians -special,surprisinglystrongnation.Andhowevermanyhaspassedyears and howmany thewordsfullthanks and love,hasnotsounded, theyounggenerationalwayswillbe ineternal to adebt toveterans.

>In 2005 60years of theVictory in theGreatPatrioticWarwereexecuted. Thebasiccelebratoryactionsdevoted tothisdate,have takenplace 8 - onMay,10th in Moscow. Thecapital of Russiahasacceptedtensforeigndelegationsfrom allcontinentsledbyheads of thestates and thegovernments.In theRussianregions9-ogMaymarked theVictory 60anniversary in theGreatPatrioticWar.Oncelebrations on theoccasion ofananniversaryinformsITAR-TASS.

>Tenthousandinhabitants ofKurskhavecome today to amemorialfallen indays of theGreatPatrioticWar topay atribute ofmemory toheroes and toassignflowers totheirtombs.Sopopulouscelebrations in aVictoryDaymanyyearsherewerenotobserved.OnRedSquare ofKurskmilitaryparade andsolemnmeetinghas takenplace.

>On amainsquare ofSamara - theareas ofKuibyshev - todayfor thefirsttimefor last 4yearstherehaspassedmilitaryparade.Itwasopenedby 120veterans of theGreatPatrioticWar.Dressed in thefieldform andgroundsheetstheyhavesolemnlypassed on thearea on trucks ofwartime -67.Afterthem asmartmarchhavepassedone and ahalfthousandmilitarymen of theSecondGuardsarmydeployed interritory of theSamararegion.

>Aerobaticmanoeuvres in theskyover acitywereshownbypilots ofcountrycouncil.Allinterestedpersonsbytraditiontreatedwithsoldier'sporridge.

>Tenthousandhavecome today to asacredplacefor all - to amemorial to 1200heroes-guardsmen - topay amemorytribute to theSovietsoldiers whowerelost indays of theGreatPatrioticWar.

>Itis thefirstmemorial,erected inSoviet Union inhonour of thefallenheroesupontermination ofwar.Ithasimmortalised afeat of theRedArmymen whowerelostatstorm of afortifiedcity ofKenigsbergisequal amonthbefore theGreatVictory.On theeve of aholidayreconstruction of amemorial towhich inSeptember 60yearswillbeexecutedhasbeenfinished.

>Veterans ofwarhaveheaded asmartsystem ofarmies of theKaliningradgarrison.Theyborebanners of1stBaltic,2nd and3rdBelarusfronts, andalso theBalticfleet,Sovietarmiesparticipating inEastPrussianoffensiveoperation andstorm ofKenigsberga.

>Celebratorycelebrationshavepassed inTver - thefirstregionalcentre,releasedfromfascistaggressors.

>Thousandtownspeople,despite arain,havepassed incolourfulcolumns thecentralcitystreets.Whenmeetinghasbegun andgreetings toveteranshavebegun to sound, therainhasstopped, thesunhaslooked out.

">Words of acongratulation tofront-linesoldiers,workers ofback inanespecialway sound onourTver earth.InfrostyDecember of41stKalininskyoffensiveoperationhasbegun.Itwas acomponent of theplan ofdefeat offascistarmiesnear Moscow", - themayor ofTverOlegLebedevhastold onmeeting.Ithasreminded thatKalinin (>Tver)became thefirstregionalcentrereleasedfromfascistaggressors.

Theenemyhashadhere thebiglosses -morethan 10thousandkilled andwoundedmen.

>Withsolemn ceremonies onmilitaryburialplacescelebrating of the 60anniversary of theGreatVictory inArkhangelskhasbegun today.Thousandpeople memoryfallenalsohaveassignedflowers totheirtombs.Interritory of thefrontArkhangelskregion 31militaryhospitals on 16thousandcotshasbeendeveloped.Hundredsfightershavediedhere ofwounds andillnesses.

>After allceremonies andcolours,peopledisperse.In theeveningatteno'clockstart togivesalute inhonour of aVictoryDay. Peopleleave onstreets andadmire onbeautifulfireworks.

>Day ofmother (>Mum'sday) in Russia

>In Russia tomark >Day ofmotherbecameratherrecently.Though itisimpossible toargue thatthisholiday -aneternityholiday:fromgeneration togenerationforeachpersonmum themostimportantperson in a life.Becomingmother, thewomanopens initselfbetterqualities:kindness, love andcare. The newholiday >Day ofMother -graduallygetsaccustomed in Russia.Basedby thePresident of theRussianFederation onJanuary,30th, 1998, itiscelebrated last SundayNovember,doingjustice toparentwork andtheirdisinterestedvictimfor thesake of theblessing ofchildren.And itiscorrect: howmanygood,kindwords ithasbeentold tomums, howmanyoccasionsforthispurposehavethought up,superfluoustheywillnotbe.Among thenumerousholidaysmarked inourcountry, >Day ofMothertakes aspecialplace.Itis aholiday towhichnobodycanremainindifferent.Thisday itwouldbedesirable totellgratitudewords to allMothers whogive tochildren love,good,tenderness andcaress.Thanksyou!.Andlet toeach ofyoutellwarmwordsyourfavouritechildrenmore!Let ontheirpersons thesmile andjoyfulsparklesisshonesparkle ineyes,whenyoutogether! TheRussianmothersweredistinguishedalwaysbygenerosity ofsoul,fidelity,self-sacrifice, love andgreatpatience.And todaytheycarefullystore the familycentre,learnchildren togood,mutualunderstanding,morals.Day ofmotheranswers the besttraditions of therelation ofRussians tomotherhood,unites alllayers of theRussiansociety onideas ofgood andhonouring of thewoman-mother.

>Day ofmother aholidayyoungish.Ityethasnoestablishedtraditions, in the familycircleveryfewpeoplemarks it.But,wehope that induecoursevalue ofthisdaywillincrease,because onsense and themaintenance itis themostsacredholiday.


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