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1

1.    >Translateinto English: -, , , - , 볺, , ' .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: >Pricingstrategyisconcernedwithestablishingpricesforproducts thatwillreturn aprofit.Pricingdecisionsareinfluencedby howresponsive atargetmarketis to a high orlowprice, thepsychologicalimagescreatedbyprices and theactions ofcompetitors.

3.         >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Howwillyougetsalesvolume?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Onbehalf of

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions.. Alot delegationsarrive the USA theinvitation TradeUnions.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Why >our >prices (tobe)higherthanourcompetitors' >prices?

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.There ______ (>is/are) anumber ofbenefits torenting ahome.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: services, of,wholesale, and, money,retail,dealers, the,consumer, a, the,lot, of,cost.

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: >At thattimesovereignsweregivingtheirtowns the privilege ofconductingfairs.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Thisis >foryou todecide.

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2

1.    >Translateinto English: . , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Acontractgivesrise tocertainrights andobligations.Buttheserights andobligationscannotariseexceptbetween theparties to thecontract. Acontractmaybebindinguponone party to thecontract andnotupon theother.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Allmanagershave aleadershiprole.Howdoyouunderstand it?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Object to thecontract

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: >Whenthereis aslackpeoplebuygoodsonlynecessary life.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >We >wouldlike (toexplain) toyoufirst thatweare heavywithordersnow.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.Nobody _______ (>wants/want) tolive inpoverty.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: >you, of,fair,have,what,visited,late

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: >Wehave todecidethis problem.

10.  >Fill in themissingpreposition(s).Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian. >Wemusttry tocut ___theamount of moneywespend.Wejustcan'tmakeendsmeet.

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3

1.    >Translateinto English: - . , , (). - , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Amereagreementisnot acontractyet. Theterm >contractisusedby Englishlawyers toconvey theidea ofresponsibilitywhicharisesfrom thevoluntaryengagement ofoneperson toanother.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatdoes theorganizingfunction ofmanagementinclude?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Legaladdresses of theparties

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: Peoplemusthavebuying power cash orcredit.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: The European Union (tocreate)with theaim ofconstructing a United Europe.

7.    >Grammardrills.Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.Either John or hiswife (>make/makes)breakfasteachmorning.

8.         >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: >set,if,will,customers,you, up, how, in,you,get, business, how

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: >Goods-producingfirms,suchasconstruction andmanufacturingfirms,producetangibleproducts orgoods.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Therewasnothing todo.

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4

1.    >Translateinto English: , . .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian:Whatdoes thetermmarketmean? Amarketis a group ofpotentialcustomerswithauthority andability topurchase aparticularproduct or service tosatisfytheircollectivedemand.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >May theinsuredpersonbeplaced in abettereconomicposition thatheoccupiedbefore theinsuredlossoccurred?Why?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Packing andmarking

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions. >Pricingdecisionsareinfluenced howresponsive atargetmarketis a high orlowprice.

6.    >Grammardrills. >Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: I (tolearn)thisfromourconversation.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.On Sundaythere __________ (>was/were) alargenumber ofcustomersat themarket.

8.         >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: >by,activities,would,subordinates,what,performed,be

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
>Under theconcept ofindemnityinsurancecoversonly afinancialloss.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >If Aagreeswith B,therebeing aconsiderationfor thepromise, that shallreceive asum of money, cannotenforce thepayment.

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5

1.    >Translateinto English: , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Achronological CVis themostfamiliarlayoutItispossible tostartfrom thepresent andworkback intime (>usual in the US) orbeginat thestart ofone'scareer andworkforward intime. Afunctional CV.Here thecontentisorganisedintospecificcategories ofabilities (>tisusefulifyouhave ashortworkrecord orpreviousjobsunrelated tocurrentgoalsIttells apotentialemployerwhatyoucando

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatdoes theindustrialmarketconsist of?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. Creditcards

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions:...accordance ...Mr.Ransonsletter his companygoing toincreasetheirprices.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Atyesterday'stalks thefirm (todraw)ourattention tothisfact.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. TheCongress offemaledoctors ________ (>is/are)starting onFriday.

8.         >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: and,levels, know, >management,you,three,management,top,middle,operating

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
>Allcompaniestry tofind newmarketsfortheirgoods.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Itisnecessaryfor thegoods tobepacked instrongcases.

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6

1.    >Translate >into English: . . : , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian:Anagreementwhereby thesellertransfers oragrees totransfer theproperty ingoods to thebuyerfor the moneyconsideration,called theprice,is acontract ofsale ofgoods.

3.         >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Whatdoes apersonnelmanagerwant to know,whileheisemploying thestaff?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Informalpartnership

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions.Thecustomerssentanenquiry ...women'sshoes ...>autumnwear,butwereinformed that the companycouldnotsupplythem ... theshoes.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Ourdeliverytime (tobe)notsuitable tohim andhe (tofind)ourpricestoo high.

7.    >Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Thenumber ofdays in amonth (>is/are)thirty.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: >basic,are,what, the,categories, business, today

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: Thenumber-nationshaveestablished commonpolicies inforeigntrade,agriculture andtransportation.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Therewasnothing tobedone.

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7

1.    >Translateinto English: , . , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Theproperty ingoodsmustbedistinguishedfrom the limited orspecialrightwhichiscalled >possession.Property ingoodsmayexistwithoutpossession andpossessionwithoutproperty.

3.    >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences: >Whydo businesspeoplepaysomuchattention to thewaytheiroffices looklike?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Towithdrawanoffer

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: >Whenapplying a postabroadgive thenames equivalentqualifications.

6.    >Grammardrills. >Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: A >manager (>get)things (todo)throughotherpeople.

7.    >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Themajority ofemployedagents _________ (>sells/sell)goodsfor areward onform ofcompensation.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords:vitae, of,basic,curriculum,both,formats,present, the, the, information,same,should

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
Thewholesaledealerhasallowed ashort-termcredit to aclient.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: Heleft the roomwithout >saying aword.

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8

1.    >Translateinto English: , , 18- , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian:Commercialbanksareveryoftenreluctant tolend money tocompanies thathaveonlybeenoperatingfor afewyears,but insomecasestheymaymake atermloan that thesmall businesscanpay offwithinanagreedperiod.maymake atermloan that thesmall businesscanpay offwithin on aagreedperiod.

3.    >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences: >Whatare thebasiccategories of business today?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Togainacceptance

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: >Tosell asimilarproduct themarketsuccessfully amanufacturershouldmakesure ... thedemandissufficient.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >We (tobesorry) thatyourorder (toplace)withourcompetitorsbecauseourdeliverytime (tobe)notsuitable toyou andyou (tofind)ourpricestoo high.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.Bothretailers andwholesalers __________ (>acquires/acquire)goodsfromproducers.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: in, of,do,invest,individuals,their,savings, the,tools,why,production

9.    >Grammardrills.Use commonphrase in thePassive Voice:
The companyhasdistributed alot of >preferencesharesamongitsmembers.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: (totake) Books ___ out of thelibrarymustbereturnedwithin 3weeks.

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9

1.    >Translateinto English: , , , , , , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Abill ofladingis amemorandumacknowledging thereceipt ofgoodsgenerallysignedby themaster of aship.Italsocontains theterms andconditions of thecarriage of thegoodswhichhavebeenagreeduponby theparties.

3.         >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Whatare thesecretarialduties?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. Acheque and abanknote

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions. ...exportpacking,machinesareoftenwrapped up ...polythene andthenput ...specialcrates.

6.    >Grammardrills. >Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: Youjustkindly (togive)usmuchadvice.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Anumber ofwholesalers __________ (>acquires/acquire)goodsabroad.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords:vitae,should,be,clear,read, and,present,n, the,ttractive, to,should,image,curriculum

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: The companywillextend theproduction ofvideo-players.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: (totake) ...everythingintoconsideration , Ithinkyou'reright.

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10

1.    >Translateinto English: () , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Thelawcontractexists toprotectagreementsmadebetween two ormoreparties, toensure that theparties tothemcarry out thevariouspromisestheyhavemade, and toprovideone partywith aremedyshould theotherfaildowhathehasundertaken.

3.         >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Wherewillyoulocateyour business?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. A commoncarrier

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: The success ofany businesspersondepends creditterms.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Atyesterday'stalks thefirm (todraw)ourattention to thefact thatthey (towant) todoubletheirpurchases.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Thesalesmanager,alongwith theothermanagers of the company, ________ (>hasjustdiscussed/havejustdiscussed) the problem.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords:normative,looks,at, the, of,economic,economics,behavior,outcomes.

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: Theright toownershipincludesland,buildings,equipment, andintangibleproperty.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: (tosuppose) ...youhadno money,whatwouldyoudo?

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11

1.    >Translateinto English: () , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: The privateenterprisesystem,as alleconomicsystems,requiresresourcesforits business toproducegoods and services. Theresourcesused toprovidegoods and servicesare thefactors ofproduction:land, labor,capital, andentrepreneurship.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatis acontractbased on?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Tobebindinguponsmth

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions. >Mr.Ransons companyisgoing toincreasetheirprices ... 6% ...May.

6.    >Grammardrills. >Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >This (tocall) >protesting thebill.

7.    >Grammardrills.Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.Neither theholders ofshares,nor the company __________ (>have/has)receivedbigprofitsthisyear.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: CV,is,you,have, a, a,short,work,functional,useful,record,if

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: Theright to allprofitsattractspeople tobeginbusinesses.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian.Alex stop >living >withyourhead in theclouds.You'llnevergetanywhereifyoudon'tworkat it.

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12

1.    >Translateinto English: ' , , . ,

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Thecurriculumvitaeshouldbeclear toread andpresentnttractiveimageItisimportant tohighlight thefeatureswhichwillinterest thereader.Itshouldnotbetoolong. Spaceleftblank on thegmakes iteasy toreadquickly.Thereare twomainformats: thechronological and thefunctionalInbothtypestherewillbe thesamebasic information (>name,address,date ofbirth andcivil status.)

3.         >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Whatwouldyoudo totrain, control anddirectsubordinates?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Inexcess of

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: >Wehavearrived theinvitation TradeUnions.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Whenthere (tobe) aslack,theyllbuygoodsonlynecessaryfor life.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.Owning ahome _________ (>provides/provide) anumber ofbenefits.

8.         >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: >would, to,train,what, control, anddirect,do,subordinates,you

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: Thegradualcreation of asinglecurrency.Requiresmuchtime andefforts.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: (togrow)Farmers ___suchcropscanthereforecatch theearlymarkets.

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13

1.    >Translateinto English: , , , , , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: Thepriceisgenerallyfixedby theparties.But itisnotnecessary that thepriceshouldbefixedbeforehand.Itmaybeleft to thevaluation of athird party.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatis amarket?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Acceptanoffer

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions.We lookforward hearing >you.

6.    >Grammardrills. >Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Documents andapprovalsgenerallymust (toobtain)beforestartingoperations.

7.    >Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb in theparentheses.Tendollars ____________ (>is/are) all Icanafford tobuythissuit.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: business,factors,does,what,one,wants,start,consider,when,he, to, to, his,need,own

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: >With thecreditorfunction thebankplaysanexceedinglyimportantpart in theeconomy.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Didyouremember (>see) ...Tom andtellhim thatwecan'tcome on Sunday?

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14

1.    >Translateinto English: , , , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: A companymaybeterminatedbyitsregistrationcancelled. Theregistrationmayberemovedfrom theregisterif ithassimplyceased tofunctionas a company; or itmaybeliquidated, orwound up.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatkinds andwherearefairsconducted in Russia?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. Public company

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions.Soyuzexportpromised tosubmit ... the British company anysamples ofcamerastheywillrequire.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Whenthere (tobe) a businessboom,peoplewillhavegenerallymore money.

7.    >Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb in theparentheses.None of thefirms ___________ (>hasreceived/havereceived)bigprofitsthisyear.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: a,items,there,is, a, business,boom,people,have,generally,more, money,when, on,luxury

9.    >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice: Theshopissellingsuccessfully thebooks ofthisauthor.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: Iused to (>think) ... that lifeendedat 30.

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15

1.    >Translateinto English: . , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: The privateenterprisesystemisaneconomicsystemwhereboth theresourcesnecessaryforproduction and the businessareownedby privateindividuals,notby publicinstitutionslike thegovernment.

3.    >Answer thequestion: >Whatismeantby thecontrollingfunction ofmanagement?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. Limitedpartnership

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: >Tosell aloss.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Theyalready (toagree) toextend thevalidity of theLetter of Credit.

7.    >Grammardrills. . >Subject-VerbAgreement:Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Agreatnumber ofcontracts _______ (>falls/fall)intothisclassification.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords: it,important,highlight, the, the,features,which,is,will,interest,reader, to

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
>Everybusinessmanmust know themarketsituation indetail.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian:Inspite ofPeterssadness >at >losing thecontest,hemanaged tosmile.

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16

1.    >Translateinto English: 60- ' , , , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: The European Unionisanintergovernmentalorganizationcreatedwith theaim ofconstructing a United Europethroughpeacefulmeans andcreatingconditionsforeconomicgrowth,socialcohesion, politicalintegration andcooperationamong the Europeanpeoples andgovernments.

3.    >Answer thequestion in 3-5sentences:Whyis service,as abasiccategory of business,rapidlybecomingdominant today?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Market recession

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions: Thecredittermsweregiven ..suppliers.

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >Ifthey ( todecide) tomaketheirpricesmorecompetitivethey (tobe )>thenready toplacetheirorderfor 1000machines.

7.    >Grammardrills.Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses. Anumber ofcommercialbanks ________ (>is/are)issuingdebenturesnow.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords:property,goods,must,be,called,distinguished,which, or, in,from, the, the, limited,special,right,is, >possession.

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
>Salesrepresentativesoftenvisit theclientele ofretaildealers.

10.  >Insert theverb initscorrectform.Name thecomposedgrammaticalstructure.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: (totake) Books ___ out of thelibrarymustbereturnedwithin 3weeks. People ___books outwhichhaventbeenstampedwillbebanned.

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17

1.    >Translateinto English: ( ), , - , - , .

2.    >TranslateintoRussian: ">Contract"compriseseveryagreement orobligationwherebyone partybindshimself, orbecomesbound toanother, topay asum of money, or todo oromit todoanyact.

3.    >Answer thefollowingquestion: >Whatis acontract?

4.    >Idioms:Provide thecorrectRussianequivalent. >Jointownership

5.    >Grammardrills.Fill in theblankswith thenecessaryprepositions. >Is the companyinterested >thistype thegoods?

6.    >Grammardrills.Use therighttense in thefollowingsentence: >They (tobe)thenready toplacetheirorderifthey ( todecide) tomaketheirpricesmorecompetitive.

7.    >Grammardrills.Subject-VerbAgreement: >Choose therightform of theverb inparentheses.There (>has/have)beentoomanyinterruptions inthisclass.

8.    >Make up asentenceusing thefollowingwords:prescriptions,courses,normative,economics,involves,for,preferred, of,action

9.    >Grammardrills. E. >Use thephrase in thePassive Voice:
>During aslackonecansellproductsnecessaryfor life,even inbigquantities.

10.  >Name thegrammaticalstructure in theboldtype.Comment onitsfunction andtranslate thesentenceintoRussian: >Given theframework ofthesegeneralprinciples,thisstandardcontains therequirements of Alevel.

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18

1.    >Translateinto English: , : ,

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:

  • :
    > > (
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    > :
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    :
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    > : : 1.  
  • :
    >...LECTURE 1. >THEME: >Introduction >into the science of >GRAMMAR. >PLAN. 1.