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Реферат Збірник екзаменаційних білетів з англійської мови

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 1


  1. Translate from English: A contract implied in law is one in which an obligation is imposed upon a person, irrespective or even in violation of his intention to enter into a contract.

  2. Translate from Russian: Для служащих их трудовой коллектив является основним источником социального взаимодействия. Коммуникация, которая имеет место внутри коллектива, обеспечивает виход, виражение емоций и удовлетворение социальних потребностей.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    Profit and loss.
    B) Покупать или продавать товари от своего собственного имени.

  4. Answer the question: What is the role of marketing research in business? Does it contribute to developing business or not?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The manager … (to work) at the report for two hours when the employees of the firm came.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Do you know that ... sun is, in round numbers, 92.000.000 miles aways from ... Earth.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Let’s have a look ... the diary, what are the engagements ... today.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: In all countries consumers always compete against producers and traders.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Last year the competitive company extended the production of video-players.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 2


  1. Translate from English: A contract may be binding upon one party to the contract and not upon the other. Written contracts are mot always more binding than oral contracts.

  2. Translate from Russian: Покупательная способность - ето то, что отделяет случайни наблюдателей от серьезних клиентов. Любой ринок нуждается в достаточном количестве последних, чтоби гарантировать производство товаров.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    A system of taxation.
    B) Контракти, касающиеся земли: закладние.

  4. Answer the question: What kind of society is Russia building now, in your opinion?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: By December of next year the students of the University … (to learn) English for three years.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: In Russia the legislative power is exercised by ... Federal Assembly consisting of two Chambers: ... Council of Federation and ... State Duma.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: I didn’t spend a single penny ... building a new country cottage; it was built ... the expense of my father’s money.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Economic theory helps is understand how the world works.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Specialists are now classifying insurance by major categories: life, health and property-liability.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 3


  1. Translate from English: A contract is a legally enforceable agreement between two or more parties regarding a specified act or thing.

  2. Translate from Russian: Товарная стратегия включает в себя решения относительно видов, ярликов, торгових марок, упаковки, сертификатов, гарантий, разработки нового товара и цикла жизни товара.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    To borrow money and to lend money.
    B) Договори (контракти), имеющие и не имеющие исковую силу.

  4. Answer the question: Who owns the factors of production in capitalism?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Terrestrial civilization … (not to survive) if the way of thinking doesn't change.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: … Great lakes on the border with … Canada are the largest and the deepest in ... USA.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Commincation is ... great importance ... organizational structure.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: New legislation in Britain usually starts in the House of Lords.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: My friend had mortgaged all his property to get the required amount of money.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 4


  1. Translate from English: All contracts which are illegal or contrary to public policy are void. At common law they are contracts to commit crimes or civil wrongs, contracts directed against the welfare of friendly states, contracts involving unmorality, contracts tending to promote corruption in public life and some others.

  2. Translate from Russian: Существуют два основних раздела економической теории: микроекономика и макроекономика. Микроекономика исследует решения, которие принимают отдельние предприятия и потребители, а макроекономика имеет дело с функционированием економического комплекса всей страни.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    To form a partnership.
    B) Сбор, накопление, сопоставление и анализ информации о ринке.

  4. Answer the question: Insurance is a major social institution which is essential to the functioning of any economy. Why do they call it so?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The secretary … (to type) a business letter for 30 minutes already.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: The USA is a presidential republic, the President of the country must be … natural citizen and … civilian.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation consists ... two chambers: the Counsil of Federation and the State Duma. Each of them is headed ... the speaker.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Barristers defend or prosecute in the higher courts.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: A total market must satisfy smaller, more homogeneous target markers.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 5


  1. Translate from English: A contract of bailment arises when the owner of goods (the bailer) entrusts possession of them into the care of another (the bailee). Hiring is a particular example of a contract of bailment.

  2. Translate from Russian: При коммунизме фактори производства находятся под контролем правительства и все решения о производстве, распределении, потреблении и предпринимательской деятельности принимаются правительством.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    To throw money about.
    B) Договор, имеющий законную силу.

  4. Answer the question: What problems is Contract law concerned with? What is its role in business?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The members of the Federal Assembly of Russia … (to elect) by the people for four years.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Russia is one of ... largest countries in the world; its vast territory lies in the eastern part of ... Europe and the northern part of ... Asia.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: We have just placed a big order ... the goods with this firm; they have agreed ... a 3% discount.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Commercial banks will not lend money to companies that have no experience in business.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: The company is now distributing “Preference shares” among its members.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 6


  1. Translate from English: The first requisite of any contract is an agreement. At least two parties are required: one of them, the offerer, makes an offer which the other, offeree, accepts.

  2. Translate from Russian: При капитализме, или как его сейчас називают, системе частного предпринимательства, фактори производства находятся в частних руках, а економические решения принимаются свободно, согласно риночним законам спроса и предложения.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    Gross and net profit.
    B) Продавать товари с аукциона.

  4. Answer the question: What problems does normative economics study and for what purposes?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: No students … (to pass) the exam in civil law yet.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: ... deep break is now between ... old and ... young and this factor cannot but influence the development of events in our country.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: ... capitalism industry and individuals use resources as they choose, ... communism nearly all resources are owned ... the govern ment.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Many business people realize now that there is strength in number.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: The contract purchased by the employer will provide health care to employees and their families.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 7


  1. Translate from English: The contract may come to an end and the parties discharged from their contractual obligations in the following ways: by breach and performance. But a breach of a term doesn't automatically terminate the contract.

  2. Translate from Russian: Промишленний ринок состоит из государственних и частних фирм, которие покупают товари для использования либо в производстве, либо для изготовления других товаров.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    A limited liability company and a joint stock corporation.
    B) Производить нужние товари и услуги.

  4. Answer the question: What types of modern economic systems do you know? Please, name them.

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: My friend's father worries much about his son … (to study) at the University, he is not … (to satisfy) with his present marks.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: ... economics has deep roots in and close ties to ... social philosophy.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The centre of New York, Manhattan Island, was bought ... the Indians ... a handful of trinkets that cost twenty-four dollars.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: In a capitalist system individuals accumulate savings and invest them in the tools of production.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: All companies were looking for new markets for their goods last winter.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 8


  1. Translate from English: A contract which possesses all basic elements is said to be valid. The absence of an essential element will render the contract either void, avoidable or unenforceable.

  2. Translate from Russian: Корпорация - ето вид искусственно образованного юридического лица с правом виступать в суде в качестве истца или ответчика. Она может состоять из одного или нескольких лиц, но в каждом случае у нее есть правовой статус в отличие от етих лиц.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    To allocate money for various projects.
    B) Продавать товари частним образом.

  4. Answer the question: What Institution controls the stability of the national currency in Russia? What other functions does it perform?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: There used … (to be) a big plant in this street but it was knocked down.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Wholesale and retail dealers stand between ... producer or the industry and ... consumer.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Most newspapers in Britain belong ... financial groups. They do not belong ... the government or political parties.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Enterpreneurship consists of risking the loss of money and time in the hope of making a profit.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Our trade partner has already received our annotation for the ordered electronic equipment.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 9


  1. Translate from English: An offer is a proposal made by the offerer with a promise to be bound by that proposal if the offeree accepts the stated terms. An offer can end in a number of ways: by acceptance of the offer, by rejection of the offer, by revocation before acceptance, if it lapses etc.

  2. Translate from Russian: Ценовая стратегия занимается установлением цен на товари, которие могут принести прибиль. Решения по ценам зависят от того, как реагирует искомий ринок на низкую и високую цену.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    Personal savings.
    B) Вступать в силу (о законе).

  4. Answer the question: What criteria are applied in judging economic outcomes in this or that country? Name them.

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The money … (to spend) for social services creates more demand for the goods … (to produce) by businesses.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Russia borders on many countries, such as ... Mongolia and ... China in the south-east, ... Finland and Norway in the north-west.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The land of Russia varies ... thick forests ... barren deserts, ... high picked mountains ... deep valleys.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: A lot of young people are practising martial arts in our country.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: The insurance companies throughout the world employ more than 20 million people.

  10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

Зав. кафедрой

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Экзаменационний билет по предмету

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


Билет № 10


  1. Translate from English: The text of any international commercial contract usually begins with a preamble in which juridical names of the parties drafting a contract are given.

  2. Translate from Russian: В условиях системи частного предпринимательства люди конкурируют друг с другом. Конкуренция вместе с прибилью является краеугольним камнем етой системи.

  3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
    A)
    To be a legal person with the right to sue and be sued.
    B) Расторгнуть договор (контракт).

  4. Answer the question: What is an economic system? What distinguishes one system from another?

  5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Any businessman needs to speak to other people and he can do it by … (to use) the telephone.

  6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Great Britain lies on … Atlantic coast of Western Europe, separated from … France by only 21 miles of water.

  7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Organizing is an operational managerial function which depends heavily ... the coordinated effort ... an entire organization.

  8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: This bank had gone bankrupt a long ago after making a big loan to the small businesses.

  9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Many people

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