Реферати українською » Языковедение » Збірник екзаменаційних білетів з англійської мови


Реферат Збірник екзаменаційних білетів з англійської мови

believe in Doomsday’s approaching.

  • Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

  • Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 11


    1. Translate from English: contract law is a branch of civil law. It is important because it affects most aspects of any business operation. It is the legal foundation on which normal business dealings are conducted.

    2. Translate from Russian: Капитал - ето в совокупности инструменти, оборудование, машини и здания, используемие для производства товаров и услуг. В етом случае капитал не относится просто к деньгам. Деньги сами по себе не производительни, но когда на них приобретают станки, пишущие машинки, крани и помещения для их установки, они становятся производительними.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      The end justifies the means.
      B) Обанкротиться.

    4. Answer the question: Who controls the operation and direction of basic industries in modern Russia?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Mr. Robertson, my companion, …(to own) now five big factories … (to produce) children's books and toys.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Washington, …capital of the USA, is situated on both banks of … Potomac river.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Usually businessmen rent offices ... the centre or ... a prestige disctrict of the city.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: The members of a limited company have limited liability.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: In our days when the world has radically changed we, professors, should teach young people a new way of thinking.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 12


    1. Translate from English: The most basic requirement of a contract is the presence of an agreement. It must have been entered voluntarily and involved "a genuine meeting of minds". The agreement may be invalidated by a number of factors - mistake, misrepresentation, duress and undue pressure.

    2. Translate from Russian: В сегодняшних условиях мирному сосуществованию государств нет разумной альтернативи. Или жить вместе, или погибнуть вместе - третьего не дано. Именно на етой идее основивается сегодня внешняя политика России.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To arrange financing through a commercial bank.
      B) Проводить в жизнь закони.

    4. Answer the question: Economics has deep roots in, and close ties to, social philosophy? Why?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Two firms … (to strike) just a contract for the mutual supply of goods.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: In capitalism, if a company produces ... defective product or charges too much for ... product it is regected by consumers.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: I have not seen my friend ... ages. He was ... diplomatic service abroad.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Global contradictions affect the very foundations of the existence of civilization.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Sales representatives often visit the clientele of retail dealers.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 13


    1. Translate from English: Generally, the law doesn't require complex formalities concerning the form of a contract. The majority of agreements are created either orally or implied from conduct. There are, however, some types of contracts which are needed in writing. They are contracts for sale of land, sale of goods on credit, for borrowing money and others.

    2. Translate from Russian: Менеджери виполняют свою работу в организации. Они принимают решения, распределяют ресурси и направляют деятельность других на достижение целей, поставленних перед организацией.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To buy smth at a reduced price.
      B) Поставлять товари на условиях продажи или возврата.

    4. Answer the question: They say that economics is a behavioral science? Why?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Nobody before thought of … (to go) abroad and … (to look) for a job there. Now a lot of people … (to think) about it.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: With the creditor function, each bank, as institution, plays ... excludingly important part in the economy.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: Russia tries to base its relations ... other countries ... the principles of equal security and mutual benefit.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: In the privarte enterprise system the right to profit attracts people to begin business.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: A court of law cannot enforce any agreement if it does not know what the agreement is.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 14


    1. Translate from English: A contract of insurance is an agreement whereby an insurance company undertakes to compensate a person, called the insured, if the risk insured against does in fact occur.

    2. Translate from Russian: В настоящее время ми, как никогда раньше, нуждаемся в еффективних економических подходах и механизмах, основанних на паритете, которие гарантировали би рациональное использование природних ресурсов как общего достояния (собственности) человечества.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To form an unlimited company.
      B) Спрос и предложение.

    4. Answer the question: How can global problems, in your opinion, be solved now? On what principles?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: These goods … (to sell) in big volumes and by items.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: ... economic system is ... method society uses to allocate its resources to satisfy its needs.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The private enterprise system is founded ... four principles or rights: the right ... private property, freedom of choice, competion and profits.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Our manager left the message for his friend with the secretary.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: In Russia banks are now running a great business in stock markets.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 15


    1. Translate from English: Consideration is the value or benefit that a party provides to the others with whom the contract is made. Consideration can take two forms: executed consideration and executory consideration. In any case consideration must not be illegal.

    2. Translate from Russian: Прибиль - ето разница между общими доходами от бизнеса либо виручкой от продажи и общими затратами производства (издержками производства), включая оперативние расходи и налоги.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To cut down expenses.
      B) Акцептовать или отозвать оферту.

    4. Answer the question: What is a market? What kinds of markets do you know?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: Why do people make businesses? They do it in the hope of …(to get) profits.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: The USA is … Federal Union of 50 states; each of them has … government.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The legislative power in Great Britain is exercised ... the Houses ... Parliament.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Yesterday our firm concluded a very profitable contract.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: By utilizing markering research marketers have acquired information on consumers.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 16


    1. Translate from English: The mere fact of an agreement alone doesn't make a contract. In order for such an agreement to be valid and enforceable through the courts consideration must be furnished by each party to the contract.

    2. Translate from Russian: Акция - владение частью компании и, следовательно, правом на долю любого дохода, которий она приносит (дивиденд).

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To start a business with a sufficient capital.
      B) Сторони по контракту (договору).

    4. Answer the question: Why are wholesale and retail dealers called intermediaries in business? What is customers’ attitude towards them?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: In each House of English Parliament a bill … (to consider) in three stages … (to call) readings.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: ... Contract law is ... branch of ... civil law. It is ... legal foundation of all business dealings.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The new cars of Gorki plant are different ... what we had two years ago. We are very interested ... buying some of them.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Under the Contract law nobody can use another name and trademark by starting a new business.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: We have to decide this problem immediately.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 17


    1. Translate from English: The standards of proof are higher in a criminal action than in a civil action since the loser risks not only financial penalties but also being sent to prison (or. in some countries, executed).

    2. Translate from Russian: Экономическое развитие всех стран било би ускорено осуществлением широкой программи разоружения. Более низкие уровни военной конфронтации создали би благоприятную атмосферу для активизации економического сотрудничества в интересах всех и всего.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      Small business; small-business owners.
      B) Стимулировать спрос на товари.

    4. Answer the question: Land, labor, capital and entrepreneurship are the main factors of production in any economic system. Who must they belong to, in your opinion?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The success of your business will depend on your (to plan and to motivate) the activities of the employees of the firm.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: In Russia ... bill becomes ... law if it is approved by both chambers of the Federal Assembly and signed by the President.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: All parents try to provide their children ... good education and good manners.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Sales experience greatly increases business people’s chances in the market.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: Buying power will separate casual lookers from serious customers in any market.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 18


    1. Translate from English: Public law is primarily concerned with the relationship between the state and its citizens. The main categories of public law are: crimes, constitutional law, international law.

    2. Translate from Russian: Экономическая теория является наукой о том, как люди и общества делают вибор, во что вкладивать дефицитние ресурси среди конкурирующих возможностей. Сделанний ими вибор, суммируясь, превращается в общественний вибор.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To avoid excessive borrowings.
      B) Оспоримие и лишенние законной сили договори (контракти).

    4. Answer the question: Advertisement is of much importance to modern business? What means of advertisement do you know?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: If there are appeals from magistrate's courts they always … (to hear) in the Crown Court unless they are on points of law.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: Russia is ... presidentail republic, it is one of ... leading powers in the world.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: As there was a long break ... the general manager and the work group of the firm, we didn’t make good profits last month.

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Russia has never laid any territorial claims against any country in the world.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: English law does not recognize joint ownership of property as a business.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 19


    1. Translate from English: A mere agreement is not yet a contract commonly, the term "Contract" is used by English lawyers to convey the idea of responsibility which arises from the voluntary engagement of one person to another.

    2. Translate from Russian: Все менеджери имеют руководящую роль. Эта роль включает в себя: найм, тренинг, мотивацию и приучение служащих к дисциплине.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To lead a miserable existence.
      B) Повишать или понижать учетную ставку.

    4. Answer the question: What is contract? Please, give its definition and name its basic elements.

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: It is true that our director is suspected of … (to commit a crime).

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: The United States is … very large country with different climatic regions; it is … land of rivers and lakes.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: London is noted ... its museums and art galleries

    8. Ask questions: a) to the subject of the sentence; b) to the predicate: Businessmen pay much attention to the way their offices look like.

    9. Use the phrase in the Passive Voice: The product strategy of this firm was including dicisions about new product development and the product life cycle.

    10. Please, write a few lines about yourself, your prospects, your future business.

    Зав. кафедрой

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    Экзаменационний билет по предмету

    АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. БАЗОВЫЙ КУРС ДЛЯ НЕЛИНГВИСТОВ


    Билет № 20


    1. Translate from English: A mortgage is a method of borrowing money on the security of some property. Any kind of property (land, goods, insurance policies) may be the subject of a mortgage but, in practice, most mortgage advances are secured on land.

    2. Translate from Russian: Труд - совокупний человеческий ресурс(и), необходимий для превращения сирьевих материалов в товари и услуги. Он включает в себя работу всех работников бизнеса - от висшего руководства до работников всех звеньев организационной структури.

    3. Provide the correct Russian and English equivalents:
      A)
      To sell at a profit.
      B) Осуществлять продажу и куплю облигаций и акций.

    4. Answer the question: How are economic decisions made under communism?

    5. Use the right form(s) of the verb(s) in brackets: The executive power in Russia belongs to the Government, or the Cabinet of Ministers, … (to head) by the Prime-Minister.

    6. Insert article(s) where necessary: The main mountain chains in Russia are ... Urals, ... Caucasus and ... Altai.

    7. Fill in the blanks with prepositions where necessary: The competitive firm profited ... our firm’s mistakes and sold

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